The Difference: Yakiniku vs Yakitori vs Teppanyaki
When you think of grilled food that represents Japan, what comes to mind? Many Japanese will think of “Yakiniku (焼肉)” and “Yakitori (焼き鳥)” as 2 representative Japanese grills.
You may have heard these food names since they are becoming popular in some countries. However, can you tell the difference between the 2 Japanese grilled dishes, Yakiniku and Yakitori?
Furthermore, “Teppanyaki (鉄板焼き)” is a Japanese dish similar to Yakiniku, but what is the difference between Teppanyaki and Yakiniku?
This time, I will explain how Yakiniku, Yakitori, and Teppanyaki are different from one another.
The Difference between Yakiniku and Yakitori
First of all, let me write about the difference between Yakiniku and Yakitori.
What is Yakiniku (焼肉)?
Yakiniku is the Japanese version of Korean barbecue, where ingredients, such as thinly sliced meat (various parts of pork and beef) and fresh vegetables, are placed one by one on the gridiron set on a cooking stove and grilled.
Unlike American-style BBQ, we usually eat the grilled foods indoors while grilling the ingredients for ourselves. After grilled, they are eaten usually by dipping in sweet soy-sauce-based Yakiniku barbecue sauce.
While there are many Yakiniku restaurants, like the worldwide Japanese Yakiniku restaurant chain “Gyu-Kaku (牛角)”, throughout Japan, Japanese people sometimes enjoy Yakiniku barbecue at home as well.
Although in most Japanese Yakiniku restaurants, ingredients are grilled on the gridiron, when we eat Yakiniku at home, we tend to cook the ingredients on an iron griddle “Teppan (鉄板)”.
What is Yakitori (焼き鳥) ?
Yakitori are charcoal-grilled chicken on bamboo skewers, which are made of bite-sized pieces of meat from various parts of the chicken. The chicken meat for Yakitori is seasoned with either salt or sweet soy-sauce-based sauce during the cooking process.
There are not only Yakitori specialty restaurants in Japan, but many other Japanese restaurants also offer the grilled chicken skewers.
Unlike Yakiniku, Yakitori is usually cooked by the restaurant chef after you order it, and then served. This is because cooking Yakitori meat requires skills as compared to grilling Yakiniku ingredients.
Many supermarkets in Japan stock precooked Yakitori, so we can readily enjoy the grilled chicken if we want to. Yakitori can also be enjoyed at Japanese summer festivals, where some street food stalls offer it, cooking just in front of you.
The Difference between Yakiniku and Teppanyaki
As mentioned above, the word “Teppan (鉄板)”, literally meaning iron plate in Japanese, refers to iron griddles, while “Yaki (焼き)” is the Japanese suffix (prefix) for grilling, baking, roasting or toasting.
From this, any dish cooked on a Teppan, or an iron griddle, can be called Teppanyaki, which includes the Yakiniku BBQ using a Teppan.