8 Popular Types of Daifuku Mochi Rice Cake
“Mochi (餅)” is a traditional Japanese food often eaten during the winter season in Japan.
It is a sticky plain white rice cake made of glutinous rice “Mochi-Gome (餅米)” and used as a main ingredient in various Japanese winter dishes, such as “Oshiruko (お汁粉)” and these 3 simple dishes I introduced before.
Actually, not only that, but Mochi rice cake is also used as an ingredient for Japanese sweets and candies, and representative examples of such sweet treats include “Daifuku (大福)”.
Daifuku Mochi (大福餅)
Have you ever eaten or heard of Daifuku? It is a quintessential Japanese “Mochigashi (餅菓子)” confection made with Mochi rice cake.
Daifuku, also called “Daifuku Mochi (大福餅)”, generally consists of a small round Mochi rice cake filled with “Anko (餡子)” sweetened red bean paste and its surface is typically coated with cornstarch. Hence, the Mochi confection is soft in texture and not that sticky.
Since Daifuku Mochi is a casual, inexpensive confection commonly eaten in Japan as an afternoon snack with hot green tea, the sweet treat is available at almost any supermarket and convenience stores around the country.
Daifuku is one of the most common “Wagashi (和菓子)” traditional Japanese sweets, which is said to have its roots in “Uzura Mochi (鶉餅)”, an ancient Mochi confection shaped like a quail.
By miniaturizing Uzura Mochi, the first Daifuku Mochi was made in 1771 by a widow named “Otayo (おたよ”) who lived in Edo (present-day Tokyo).
In addition to the regular white Daifuku Mochi shown above, there are a variety of Daifuku Mochi rice cake available in Japan, so today I will introduce 8 especially popular types of Daifuku Mochi rice cake, specifically, 4 traditional ones and 4 modern ones.
4 Traditional Types of Daifuku Mochi
First, let me talk about 4 traditional types of Daifuku Mochi rice cake that have been widely enjoyed in Japan for a long time.
Mame Daifuku (豆大福)
The word “Mame (豆)” means “bean” in Japanese, so the outer white rice dough of Mame Daifuku has black beans embedded throughout. As with the regular white Daifuku Mochi, Mame Daifuku is usually filled with sweet red bean paste.
Kusa Daifuku (草大福)
As the Japanese word “Kusa (草)” means “grass”, the rice dough of Kusa Daifuku is made by mixing with mugwort or “Yomogi (ヨモギ)”.
Shio Daifuku (塩大福)
The word “Shio (塩)” means “salt” in Japanese. Therefore, Shio Daifuku is flavored using salt and sugar.
Shio-Mame Daifuku (塩豆大福)
Shio-Mame Daifuku is the Mame Daifuku flavored with salt and sugar.
4 Modern Types of Daifuku Mochi
Lastly, here are 4 types of Daifuku Mochi rice cake that are popular in modern times.
Image : shinkuminet.com
In place of Anko sweet red bean paste, Pudding Daifuku has custard cream or custard pudding in the center part. It is a popular modern type of Daifuku Mochi that was first created by a confectionery shop “Edoya Nagomi (江戸屋 和)”.
Shop Information: Edoya Nagomi (江戸屋 和)
Address: 6-3-28 Shimoteno, Himeji, Hyogo Pref. (MAP)
Open: 9:00 to 19 :00
Image : isawagarden.seesaa.net
As the name indicates, Coffee Daifuku is filled with sweet coffee-flavored red bean paste. Additionally, some confectionery shops like to add fresh whipped cream to the filling. Coffee Daifuku originated in the confectionery shop “Myochikurin (妙ちくりん)”.
Shop Information: Myochikurin (妙ちくりん)
Address: 3016-1 Tsunatori-machi, Isesaki, Gunma Pref. (MAP)
Open: (Weekdays) 10:00 to 18 :00 (Saturday and Sunday) 9:00 to 18:00
Mont Blanc Daifuku
Image : hinodero.com
Mont Blanc Daifuku is a popular modern type of Daifuku Mochi rice cake made with chestnut cream.
Ichigo Daifuku (いちご大福)
As the word “Ichigo (いちご)” means “strawberry” in Japanese, Ichigo Daifuku has strawberry and Anko inside its Mochi covering. In recent years, this Daifuku is the most popular variety. Other than Ichigo Daifuku, there are many variations of fruit Daifuku in Japan, which include Melon Daifuku, Grape Daifuku, and Peach Daifuku.