50 Japanese Fish Names for Sushi Ingredients

“Sushi (寿司)” is a traditional Japanese dish widely enjoyed in many countries. As you may know, it comes in various forms and varieties, which include these three types I talked about the other day.

By the way, have you ever eaten the dish at restaurants in Japan? Nowadays, some Sushi restaurants in Tokyo have English menus. But in case not, today I will introduce 50 Japanese fish names for Sushi ingredients.

50 Japanese Fish Names for Sushi Toppings

Japanese fish names for sushi toppings

As far as the Sushi served in Japanese restaurants is concerned, it will be sufficient to remember the following words for ordering. These are Japanese fish names for Sushi ingredients/toppings commonly offered by Sushi restaurants in Japan.

26 Fish Names

Name Pronunciation In English
マグロ (鮪)  Maguro Tuna
アジ(鯵) Aji Horse mackerel
タイ(鯛) Tai Sea bream
サバ(鯖) Saba Mackerel
ブリ(鰤) Buri Yellowtail
ヒラメ(鮃) Hirame (Left-eyed) Flounder
スズキ(鱸) Suzuki Sea bass
アナゴ(穴子) Anago Conger eel
うなぎ(鰻) Unagi Freshwater eel
イワシ(鰯) Iwashi Sardine
カツオ(鰹) Katsuo Skipjack tuna
キス(鱚) Kisu Sand borer
サケ(鮭) Sake Salmon
サワラ(鰆) Sawara Spanish mackerel
サンマ(秋刀魚) Sanma Saury
カレイ(鰈) Karei (Right-eyed) Flounder
タチウオ(太刀魚) Tachiuo Large head hairtail
サヨリ(細魚) Sayori Halfbeak
コハダ(小鰭) Kohada Gizzard shad
ニシン(鰊) Nishin Herring
タラ(鱈) Tara Cod
めばち(目鉢) Mebachi Bigeye tuna
マス(鱒) Masu Trout
ハマチ(鰤) Hamachi Young yellowtail
ハタハタ(鰰) Hatahata Sandfish
トビウオ(飛魚) Tobiuo Flying fish

12 Shellfish and Mollusk Names

Name Pronunciation In English
あまえび(甘海老) Ama-Ebi Sweet shrimp
くるまえび(車海老) Kuruma-Ebi Tiger prawn
シャコ(蝦蛄) Shako Mantis shrimp
イカ(烏賊) Ika Squid
たこ(蛸) Tako Octopus
アワビ(鮑) Awabi Abalone
アカガイ(赤貝) Akagai Red clam
ツブガイ(螺) Tsubugai Whelk
ほたて(帆立) Hotate Scallop
ハマグリ(蛤) Hamaguri Hard clam
タラバガニ(鱈場蟹) Tarabagani Red king crab
ズワイガニ(楚蟹) Zuwaigani Snow crab

5 Roe Names

Name Pronunciation In English
うに(雲丹) Uni Sea urchin roe
いくら(魚卵) Ikura Salmon roe
とびこ(飛子) Tobiko Flying fish roe
かずのこ(数の子) Kazunoko Herring roe
まさご(真砂子) Masago Capelin roe

Other Common 7 Words

Name Pronunciation In English
マグロ 赤身 Maguro Akami Lean tuna
大トロ O-Toro Fatty tuna
中トロ Chu-Toro Medium fatty tuna
ねぎトロ Negi-Toro Minced tuna with green onions
カニみそ Kani-Miso Crab tomalley
あん肝 Ankimo Monkfish liver
えんがわ Engawa Flounder Fin


Hi, I'm Tomo, a Japanese blogger living in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. For the purpose of enriching your life, I would like to introduce things about Japan on this blog, especially unique Japanese products, cooking recipes, cultures, and facts and trivia.

1 Response

  1. I learn japanij things

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