Sencha vs. Matcha: Types of Japanese Green Tea

Sencha (煎茶) and Matcha (抹茶) are common types of Ryokucha (緑茶) or Japanese green tea, and in recent years, I have often seen these tea beverages sold in online stores overseas.

Sencha vs. Matcha

So today, for those unfamiliar with Sencha and Matcha, I will give an overview of the two types of Japanese green tea. Here I will compare them to make it easier to understand.


Tea Leaves for Sencha

First, regarding the production, the tea leaves for Sencha grow without shielding from the sun. After harvesting, the leaves are steamed, rolled, shaped, and dried.

In contrast, the tea leaves for Matcha need to be covered to block direct sunlight. The picked leaves are steamed, dried without rolling, and carefully ground into powder.


Tea Bag for Sencha

Both Sencha and Matcha are unfermented green tea. Sencha is available in various forms, such as cans, PET bottles, tea bags, and powder, whereas Matcha usually comes in powder form.


Matcha and Wagashi (Traditional Japanese sweet)

Sencha is Japan’s most consumed tea and accounts for about 80 percent of Japan’s green tea production.

Meanwhile, we don’t drink Matcha much in everyday life. But as you know, it makes an indispensable part of 茶道 (Sado/Chado) or the Japanese tea ceremony.


Matcha Cake

As for the taste, Sencha is refreshing and easy to drink, so favored by everyone. On the other hand, Matcha has a rich and deep flavor, often used in Wagashi confections. 


Matcha Green Tea Powder

The caffeine amount is what many people want to know when drinking green tea. Compared to Sencha, Matcha contains lots of caffeine, prepared by dissolving tea powder in hot water.

(Reference Pages: Miyanoen, Senchado, Kyo-Chikiriya )


Hi, I'm Tomo, a Japanese blogger living in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. For the purpose of enriching your life, I would like to introduce things about Japan on this blog, especially unique Japanese products, cooking recipes, cultures, and facts and trivia.

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